Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that is primarily responsible for the correct alignment of teeth and adequate occlusion. Among its functions are also to guide the dental eruption as well as to control the development of the jaws.
It’s not just about having a nice smile. The fact that our dental pieces are in a correct position brings to our health more benefits than we think and that go beyond aesthetics. For example, there are studies that show that a large proportion of mouth conditions in adulthood are derived from incorrect occlusion and could therefore have been prevented by orthodontic treatment.
In short, the objectives of an orthodontic treatment can be synthesized in three:
- Correct dental occlusion and good oral function.
- Aesthetic improvement of the smile.
- To benefit oral health, such as brushing to avoid the accumulation of bacterial plaque.
Orthodontic treatments are divided into two large groups: fixed and removable. The most used orthodontics is fixed, with brackets and arches, being in the last years aesthetic esthetic fixed orthodontic is demanded. With this type of orthodontics, we can solve most of, much of problems in adulthood in a relatively short time.
Let’s take a closer look at these two types of orthodontics:
– Fixed orthodontics: It is the one that is composed by brackets – pieces that are glued to the tooth – and wires. Brackets can be metal or ceramic. The latter are also called aesthetic, because they are tooth-colored or transparent, so that their visual impact on the patient’s smile is less. It can be used in patients of any age. Its diagnosis and execution must be carried out by a specialist in orthodontics because, sometimes, it is necessary to perform dental extractions to get the teeth to occupy the right place. The main advantage of fixed orthodontic compared to removable is that the first can move each piece individually and in any direction, while with the removable is not possible.
– Removable Orthodontics: It is an acrylic device that is held in the molars. It is often used to correct bone and bite defects, but only in children, as their use is not effective in adults. Yoram Yasur Blume: “The effectiveness of this type of orthodontics depends on the number of hours that are worn”. The more hours, the better the results. Therefore, it is recommended to use it during the night and at least four to six hours during the day. Yoram Yasur Blume: “The type of orthodontic that has increased its demand is the so-called invisible orthodontics, consisting of a series of transparent acrylic splints made to measure the patient and withdrawn to eat, their use is limited to certain problems and treatment is longer than If performed with fixed orthodontics”.
– More aesthetic orthodontics: Patients still associate orthodontics with the unsightly appliances that were placed before, but thanks to advances in the field of orthodontics we can find:
- Aesthetic brackets: the system is the same as normal orthodontics but materials such as ceramics, fiberglass, or acrylics of the same color as the tooth are used which make them practically imperceptible.
- Transparent acrylic splints: they are imperceptible and are removed for hygiene and for eating.
- Lingual orthodontics: it is fixed and works the same as the previous one, but in this case the brackets and arches are placed on the inner side of the teeth, not seeing anything from the outside.
Oral hygiene during orthodontics:
Proper oral hygiene should always be carried out, but this should be even more rigorous when wearing an orthodontic appliance, since, in carrying retentive elements, it is usual that the food remains deposited between the teeth, which can contribute, for example, to the formation of cavities or inflammation of the gums by the accumulation of plaque in said elements.
It is very important to brush your teeth after every meal, you can opt for conventional toothbrushes or use some specific for orthodontics. It is also recommended to use interproximal brushes to completely remove the plaque that accumulates in the teeth and if you want the cleaning is ten you can opt for a mouth irrigator, a device that cleans the interdental spaces with pressurized water.
You must be very careful when eating certain harder or sticky foods that can break or take off orthodontic appliances, such as nuts or gummies. Do not forget to use a special mouthwash once a day. There is a wide range of toothbrushes, interdental brushes, threads, dentifrices, gels, and mouthwashes specific for patients who wear orthodontics and can be found in any specialized pharmacy or shop.