Yoram Yasur Blume: What to do in case of a heart attack

Although in front of a heart attack you are obviously not going to run to search the internet for what to do in case of a heart attack, in reality it is something that is essential to know because we never know to whom or at what time it may occur.

Do you know what first aid is in a heart attack? If you know what they are, review them is never too much, and if not, pay close attention. We invite you to know some of the most important aspects about heart attacks and how to act before one.

  • What is a heart attack?

First, it is important to know that although heart attacks or heart failure are usually called simply as infarcts, a heart attack is not just of this type. A heart attack is the death of a tissue that is usually the result of a blockage in the arteries. It occurs when the vein that carries blood to the heart is blocked, but it can also occur in other organs, such as the brain. The specific name of the infarctions in the heart is acute myocardial infarction, but commonly people call it a heart attack, heart failure, as we said, simply an attack.

  • How does a heart attack occur?

Before a heart attack there is a pre-infarction, so that heart attacks do not happen simply from nothing. When the coronary arteries are blocked for various reasons, there are problems in the oxygen supply, which causes chest angina (pre-infarction). If angina pectoris is controlled and the oxygen supply is repaired, the infarction may not occur, but if the problem persists, the myocardium may be damaged and eventually provoke it.

Symptoms of a heart attack and predisposition

  • Discomfort or chest pains
  • Pain in the upper part of the body
  • Stomach ache
  • Difficulty breathing properly
  • Anxiety
  • Dizziness
  • Excessive sweating
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • People with predisposition to heart attacks
  • Those who have a history of heart attacks in the family
  • People suffering from hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Those who smoke
  • Obese and overweight people
  • Those who consume a lot of salt
  • People who lead hectic life rhythms

First aid in a heart attack

  • Ask for professional help immediately

In the face of a heart attack, time is something fundamental, so the sooner you act, the more chances of recovery exist. That is why it is important that you immediately seek professional help by calling emergencies, either to the hospital or to the competent emergency service. From the hospital you will also receive advice that will help to better manage the situation at that precise moment.

  • Give an Aspirin or prescribed medicine

Unless it is a person with an allergy to aspirin, make them chew or take one. If the person has previously used nitroglycerin by medical prescription, this is the time to take the medicine again.

  • Keep the person comfortable

The person should be comfortable to calm down and control their breathing. It is very important not to panic and not mention this to the person. It is only necessary to ensure that you remain relaxed and in the case that you need to go to the hospital on your own, that the victim does not drive unless there is no other option.

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